The Philodendron Pedatum, otherwise known as the Oak Leaf Philodendron, is considered one of the easiest Philodendron species to keep as an indoor plant. But while the Philodendron Pedatum may be easy to take care of, it still requires proper care practices to grow and thrive.
Follow this complete Philodendron Pedatum care guide to learn about everything you need to do to keep this low-maintenance plant healthy and satisfied.
What Is a Philodendron Pedatum?
Appearance: This species is known for its dark green and semi-glossy leaves. The leaves’ unique blade shape and reddish petioles also adds to its stunning appearance.
Origin: The P. Pedatum is a tropical species and originates in various regions of South America. Here are some of this species’ native countries:
- French Guinea
The plant is also part of the araceae family, and is considered an aroid just like all the other Philodendron species. An aroid plant is a plant that produces flowers from a spadix, which are protected by one of its leaves, also known as a spathe.
Rareness: This species is quite rare in areas such as North America where humid, hot climates are not common.
Other names: P. Pedatum and Oak Leaf Philodendron
Your Complete Philodendron Pedatum Care Guide
Even though an P. Pedatum is a tropical plant, it can thrive in indoor settings with the proper care. Take a look at this in-depth Philodendron Pedatum care guide to start learning what you can do to make your P. Pedatum feel at home.
Light: bright & indirect Soil: well-draining Watering: when soil is dry Humidity: 60% or higher Temperature: 60-85 F
Fertilizer: regularly during growing season (spring and summer)
Like most Philodendrons, the P. Pedatum requires bright, indirect light. But what does this mean?
The words “bright” and “indirect” can be vague and are especially tricky for new plant owners to properly understand let alone gauge. Luckily, there are several inexpensive light metering tools on the market that help accurately measure the amount of light your plant is receiving. The Pedatum needs around 300-600FC (footcandles) to thrive.
If a light meter tool isn’t in your budget, then there are still ways to properly ensure your plant gets the type of light it needs. For a P. Pedatum, place it away from direct sunlight near a North or South facing window, but never in a West or East facing windowsill.
Too much sunlight indicator: Leaves start to turn a yellow or brownish color
Too little sunlight indicator: Leaves are droopy or curling
Your plant thrives in a well-draining soil mix that allows the plant to only retain the water it needs.
There are several options to choose from, but the best soil mix for your plant is one that is peat-based, including a mix of potting soil and perlite.
Here’s a DIY combo you can try to create a nutrient-rich and well-draining soil mix:
- 1 part coco coir
- 1 part sand
- 1 part perlite
A Philodendron hates to be overwatered just as much as it hates to be underwatered. The key to keeping your plant happy is to strike a balance between the two.
You should frequently check the soil moisture be feeling the top layer with your hand. If the soil is moist, then plant doesn’t require more water, but if the soil is hard and dry, then it’s time to water.
Make sure the Oak Leaf Philodendron is watered frequently, but in small amounts.
Remember: always test the soil’s moisture before watering.
Signs of overwatering: Leaves are yellow and discolored
Signs of underwatering: Leaves are brown and crisp
Your P. Pedatum hates the cold almost as much as it hates being overwatered. These plants are used to tropical climates and require a minimum temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15 Degrees Celsius), but prefer an average 70 – 85 degree range (21-30 Degrees Celsius).
Always make sure to keep your plant away from any of the following:
- Air Conditioning units
- Fans and vents
Since a Philodendron Pedatum originates in tropical regions with hot and humid climates, it’s important to mimic the same conditions in your home.
I know what you’re probably thinking: my home isn’t a rainforest!
There’s no need to worry—a Philodendron is an adaptable plant that requires a minimum of 60% humidity at all times. There are also several at-home Philodendron Pedatum care methods you can try to give your plant extra humidity without making your house feel like a damp rainforest.
Try these tricks next time you need to give your plant an extra humidity boost:
Tip #1: Create a humidity dish
Fill a tray with rocks and water, then set the potted plant on top of the dish.
Tip #2: Mist
Simulate a nice tropical rain for your plant by filling a spray bottle with water and misting the plant’s leaves.
NOTE: Make sure to use purified water or rainwater since your plant may react negatively to the minerals found in tap water.
Tip #3: Buy a humidifier
While this method does require spending some extra money, it is the best way to make sure that your Oak Leaf Philodendron receives the correct amount of humidity at all times
To encourage growth, regular application of a fertilizer is a must during growing seasons. Choose a fertilizer that is made from naturally occurring substances such as worm castings and manure to prevent root burn.
Always check the nutrients of the fertilizer, choosing one that sticks to the nitrogen to phosphorus to potassium ratio of 10-10-10.
Growth – What to Expect
How Big Does a Philodendron Pedatum Get?
A P. Pedatum can grow anywhere from 3-10 feet in height as a houseplant. It’s mature height as a houseplant depends on its growing conditions. Since it’s a climbing species, suppling the plant with a pole or other sturdy structure encourages the plant to climb and grow taller.
In different stages of growth, the shape and size of the leaves will vary, but when mature, the leaves tend to grow up to 8 inches in length.
How Do I Propagate a Philodendron Pedatum?
The best way to propagate a P. Pedatum is with the stem cutting method.
Step 1: Soak clippers in isopropyl alcohol to sanitize the blade.
Step 2: Cut leaves directly at the node.
Step 3: Set the cutting out for about 1-2 days to callous and dry. Provide it with the same humidity and temperature as a mature P. Pedatum.
Step 4: Place the calloused root in water, replacing water at the end of each week until roots grow several inches in length.
Step 5: Now plant! Place the roots in a pot of its own, adding soil and taking care of it like a full-grown Oak Leaf Philodendron.
How & When Should I Repot My Philodendron Pedatum?
An Oak Tree Philodendron doesn’t like repotting, but sometimes (though not often), it’s necessary. Here are two signs it’s time to repot:
1. Soil Is Too Compact
If you can’t move the top few inches of the potted soil, then it’s a good sign it’s time to repot your plant.
2. Exposed Roots
If you spot roots poking out from the draining hole of your plant’s pot, then it’s time to find it a new home.
To repot, find your plant a new pot that is at a minimum 3 inches wider AND deeper than your plant’s old pot, but no more than 5 inches. Too little and too much space for your Oak Leaf Philodendron to grow can be as equally harmful.
Does My P. Pedatum Need Pruned?
Your plant will not require much pruning. Only remove leaves when they are a dark brown, and always cut at the node with sanitized clippers.
Human: highly toxic
Animals: highly toxic
The P. Pedatum is highly toxic to humans and pets when ingested. It can cause minor symptoms such as nausea, but also more severe symptoms such as a swollen throat, lips, and tongue.
Always place your plant out of reach and away from animals and/or small children.
Common Pests & Diseases
Some of the common pests and diseases your Oak Leaf Philodendron can fall prey to are…
- Spider mites
- Mealy bugs
- Root rot
Luckily, signs of infestation are easy to notice and can be resolved with proper care and patience. To get rid of spider mites and mealy bugs, fill a spray bottle with neem oil and mist the leaves and stem, targeting the white spots and clusters.
Root rot is identifiable by your plants yellowing and brown leaves. Try repotting your plant with a well-draining soil mix and trim away any black leaves or roots.
Philodendron Pedatum Care Guide FAQ
Q. Philodendron Pedatum vs. Philodendron Florida Ghost – What’s the Difference?
Both the P. Pedatum and the Philodendron Florida Ghost are part of the Philodendron species, but the P. Pedatum has smooth and green petioles, while the P. “Florida” has reddish petioles that have small bumps and are rough to the touch.
Q. Philodendron Pedatum vs. Philodendron Bipennifolium – What’s the Difference?
Both the P. Pedatum and the Philodendron Bipennifolium are part of the Philodendron species, but the P. Bipennifolium has thicker leaves and less lobes than a P. Pedatum, as well as several other varieties.